Open Data Albania, Media, Week from 2 to 10 May, Reconstruction Fund, its Use in the Electoral Campaign

Data published by Open Data Albania portal and the blog were referred to in the first week of May as a factual source for several media stories and articles. The main topic in the media is the potential use of the Reconstruction Program Fund after the earthquake of 26 November 2019. During the Election Campaign, March 25 to April 25, was spending 30% of the entire State Reconstruction Fund Program.

Some of the articles based on the facts and data published by ODA are: : #Electoral Favoritism – How were compensated the affected persons by the earthquake during the Electoral Campaign Government allocated 120 million Euro in the 4 months before elections to residents affected by the earthquake

Albanian Radio Television: MP Tabaku: €120 Million from the State Budget to buy votes, data published by Open Data Albania

Syri TV: 120 million Euro from the State Budget were used to Buy Votes

Telegraph: The manoeuvre how the earthquake funds were used to buy votes

Eavesdropping of NDrag’heta involving the Municipality of Tirana and the Health Authorities – What do we know so far? published on 21 January an article entitled: Eavesdropping of Ndrag’heta involving the Municipality of Tirana and Health Authorities.

The article as follows:

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The arrest of tens of members of the Italian mafia group, Ndrangheta, emphasized their connection with officials of Tirana Municipality and Rama Government, and their involvement in corrupt tenders and construction permits. The entire money laundering scheme of the Italian Mafia in Albania is suspected to amount for Euro 250 million.
The full interception file contains more than 1000 pages and more is expected to be published in the coming days.
Exit News presents a summary of what is known so far.

Arrests. On 18 January, the Italian Anti-mafia arrested 50 members of the Italian mafia group ‘Ndrangheta’, following a multi-year operation.

Those arrested include:
Mayor of Rosarno in Calabria, Giuseppe Idà,
A member of the same commune council, Domenico Scriva,
The Calabria Entrepreneur Antonio Gallo, known as the ‘Prince’,
Former subtenant of Guardia di Finanza, Ercole D’Alesandro,
The entrepreneurs Tomaso and Saverio Brutto, who were trying to enter the Albanian market. Tomaso Brutto is also a member of the commune council of Cattanzaros, while Saverio Brutto is a member of the commune council of Simeri Crichi in the province of Katanzaro.
The operation included also the arrest of the following seven Albanian nationals, whose involvement is not yet known:

Edmond Baci, born in Albania, resident in Catanzaro;
Henrik Baci, born in Albania, resident in Albania;
Odeta Hasaj, born in Albania;
Bilar Hoxha, born in Albania, resident in Albania;
Alban Keta, born in Albania, resident in Catanzaro;
Bledar Koçi, born in Tirana, resident in Tirana;
Memlin Voci, born in Albania, resident in Catanzaro.

According to interceptions of those arrested, the arrested Italian entrepreneurs have opened their businesses in Albania, especially in construction and health. Therefore, the mafia representatives have used certain Italian politicians and mediators, who have established contacts with high-0levelpoliticians and officials in Albania.
the interceptions include conversations about meetings with officials of the Municipality of Tirana or ministers, who, in exchange for bribes, would award tenders and construction permits to the Italians.

According to OraNews, which has published some of the interception transcripts, the entrepreneurs Antonio Gallo and Antionio Speziali speak with Lawyer Claudio Larussa, a representative of the entrepreneurs  Tomaso and Saverio Brutto about getting in touch with officials close to Mayor Veliaj. The intention was to get construction permits in the city centre, near the Palace of Culture, where sale prices are high. They also mention health tenders during their conversation, i.e. provision of hospital supplies.

The transcript below dates 28.10.2017.

On the top of page number 618, it says:  “Gallo (Antonio) explains to Speziali, Larussa, and Brutti, how it works in Albania, how one could get tenders in the public sector, implying clearly bribes.
Gallo: He is Albanian, he is the President of this Group there, in Albania.
Speziali: You could work with hospitals, too.
Gallo: I don’t know about that, but he is the President of Sol in Albania, all hospitals, he is close to the Prime Minister, close to the Mayor of Tirana, he is an important person.
Citizens raise their voice to say “No” to the destruction of cultural heritage in Durrës
Speziali:  Claudio (Larussa) went there with the Mayor of Tirana.
Gallo: Yes, he did.
Speziali: Tell me about Albania. I do have the plants ready, but I am a bit sceptical about taking them there. If we get them, and send them there, it’s OK with me, but I don’t want them to cheat me then. We need to send them hedging right person.
(They talk about a person called Nik, an Albanian citizen.)
Gallo: I spoke with this friend of mine, Nik, who told me that the person who got three licences to build in Tirana… has three licenses now, and for the 180 million he will spend, he is expected to give them 10 million.
Speziali: Seriously?
Gallo: He told me they are looking for funders. They find an entrepreneur, who is already OK, and the bank finances him. You can make money out of this, because you can sell them for 4 or 5 million per [square] meter, half of Tirana.
Speziali: Apartments?
Gallo: Apartments. He, this constructor, has three licenses for building skyscrapers.
Speziali: 4000 euro, no… 2700-2800 euro.
Brutto: Oh God …. In the centre of Tirana?
Gallo:  Apartments in the new skyscrapers are sold for 3800-4000 Euro per square meter. And do you know what the actual construction cost is? 510 euro.
Speziali: But if you do something luxurious.
Brutto: Can we talk to this Nik?
Gallo: If you are in Rome, he will be there on November 9th. He is the President of Sol Group in Albania, of oxygen, he is connected to hospitals, to Enel, he is connected with all. He told me clearly. They want 20% for the tenders. So, they (referring to Nik) can pay for it.

Who is Nik – the contact in Albania?

According to MCN TV, ‘Nik’, who is mentioned in the interceptions of the people arrested in Italy, is Besnik Halili. He is known as a person close to mayor Veliaj, and to other Socialist ministers.
Besnik Halili is the sole owner of NCI shpk, and representative of the company GTS-Albanian Technical Gas (Gazra Teknike Shqiptare) shpk, where the sole shareholder is the Italian company Sol s.p.a., which is mentioned in these interceptions.
Besnik Halili is the husband of Luneda Sufali, former director of the Albanian Gambling Supervision Authority (AMLF) during 2013-2015, today Director of the State Social Service.
Tenders won by the company GTS-Albanian Technical Gas shpk
According to Open Data Albania, the company GTS has won 80 tenders in the health sector, amounting to a total of 7.5 million Eur, VAT excluded.
It is striking that GTS has won all the tenders, where it has applied. All the tenders are won for the same fund limit made available from the institutions.
The Open Data Albania Platform had already raised the alarm about the tenders won by GTS shpk without any competition, that is, with GTS being the only company participating in the tender.


The article above refers to open and transparent data provided by databases of the organization AIS. The editorial line, arguments, and facts in this article belong to the media and the author. You may find our database by clicking on,, and

Data/ How did Ndragheta’s intercepted company win 80 public tenders in Albania ? “Open Data” raised the red flag, but no one listened to it. has published on 23 January 2021 an article entitled Data: How Ndragheta’s Company won 80 public tenders in Albania. Open Data raised the red flag, but no one listened to it

Persons involved in the Euro 250 million affair in Italy are being interrogated.The data available shows that Ndragheta’s intercepted company has won 80 public tenders in Albania. All in the health sector! As the document shows, the number of tenders already won is 80.


ITALY – The Guarantor of Ndragheta’s Prince, Antonio Gallos, to corrupt the Albanian Government is suspected to be the President of ‘Sol’ Group in Albania, Besnik Halili! The company, which is known in our country as “GTS-Albanian Technical Gas shpk”, is now under the magnifying glass of the authorities, as it is suspected of being involved in money laundering. According to ‘Open Data’, Ndragheta’s intercepted company has won 80 public tenders in Albania. They are all in the health sector! As the document shows, the number of won tenders is 80.


The tenders are all in the health sector. publishes the scheme of the total number of tenders by tendering authority.

It was Open Data, an open platform serving to catalogue the data from the Government institutions, which had already raised the Red Flag in this case. A document made public showed clearly that ‘GTS.SHPK’ had won a tender from the University Hospital ‘Shefqet Ndroqi’. All the tenders announced by the Ministry of Health and their subordinate structures, including Tirana University Hospital Centre for hospital oxygen, are won by “GTS”.

It took the Italian authorities to carry out a huge operation to find out that there is a company in Albania laundering money, and above all, serving as a bridge between the Albanian Government and elements of mafia groups!

Besnik Halili, together with notorious individuals in the Italian state, were identified by interceptions initiated upon finalization of the Italian mega-operation. Thanks to this Police action, 50 persons were arrested, including businessmen and members of Ndrangheta, who were connected to Government officials and businessmen in Albania. They are all accused of being part of a corrupt affair of Euro 250 million.

The article above refers to open and transparent data provided by databases of the organization AIS. The editorial line, arguments, and facts in this article belong to the media and the author. You may find our database by clicking on,, and

Albanian Media: Eavesdropping of Italian Anti-Mafia about Influence over Tenders in Tirana. 80 Procurement Processes were already reported by Open Procurement Albania for their risk of Corruption and irregularities

Several news portals have used our databases in January in reporting on corruption and irregularities. Some of them report on alleged connections between eavesdropping made by the 2017 Italian Anti-Mafia (published in Italy in January 2021) and the tenders reported for risk of corruption and irregularities on our database for Transparent Procurement. The Italian Anti-Mafia eavesdropping into persons being investigated as members of the Mafia Organization, Ndrag’heta, sheds light on conversations about pre-arranged tenders and people of suspicious influence over authorities of Official Tirana. The eavesdropping transcripts were published in January 2021 on the Italian media, and were partially republished in Tirana, mainly by media portals or freelance journalists. Certain journalists drew a logical line between the eavesdropping of “people with influence” or “clientelist tenders” and the list of tenders marked by RedFlags for their risk of corruption in our database for Public Procurement.

Our organization has created several databases for some years now, monitoring public contracts in sectors of Health, national Infrastructure, and Municipality. Opening data, using OpenContracting standards, we enable an automatic evaluation of tenders for their risk of lack of competition, and disqualification of all the operators, who submit cost-effective economic bids. These tenders are listed and marked by a Red Flag, as tenders exposed to a high risk of irregularities and procedural issues. The Tender RedFlag Index is an instrument for reporting corruption, an instrument developed by the civil society in the country.

Some excerpts from the media portals:

The article above refers to open and transparent data provided by databases of the organization AIS. The editorial line, arguments, and facts in this article belong to the media and the author, and not necessarily confirmed by OpenDataAlbania. You may find our database by clicking on,, and

Map of Albania Oligarchs (Names of those who have received MILLIONS OF EUROS from Albanians’ taxpayers)

Risk Assessment in Tenders/Municipalities, whose 30% of the contracted value goes to one single company by direct negotiations

RED FLAGS – Local Government Units of Albania are ranked on the top when it comes to abusive tenders. As history shows, small and average-value tenders organized by them tend to usually go to family relatives or friends of those working for these institutions, while the large value tenders go to the pockets of construction oligarchs, who own companies providing cleaning services, development of green spaces, IT maintenance, and road reconstruction.

Direct Negotiation refers to Public Contracts (supplied by public money) exposed to a high risk of abuse and embezzlement. The Negotiation Procedure is a procedure, where the contracting authority selected the economic operators itself and negotiates the contract terms with one or several of them. This is translated simply into „Cash“ agreements, using Albanian taxpayers’ money for favorite clients. All the municipalities in the country have a favorite client each, who is awarded 30% of the municipality contracts through Direct Negotiation.


Negotiation procedure

Who else, but FUSHA SHPK. The top company in Tirana, most favorite Mayor Veliaj’s company, when it comes to towers, roads and everything. He is awarded 12 billion Albanian lekë-worth (VAT excl.) tenders by the negotiation procedure. Shkëlqim, the oligarch, has received more than 3.3 BILLION Albanian lekë (VAT excl.) for 3 tenders only.

Negotiation without Notice

The only company priviledged by this procedure, which goes beyond 2.3 billion Albanian lekë (VAT excl.) is certainly Fiqiri Allmuça’s PASTRIME SILVIO, WITH ONLY 2 TENDERS FROM Tirana Municiaplity for purchase of hygiene sanitizers and dezinfectants woth 500 MILLION Albanian lekë (VAT incl.), both with RED FLAGS.



  1. FLORIAN BORSHI (BORSHI SHPK)                    – More than 1 billion ALL (VAT excl.), 56% of tenders of SHKODRA Municipality
  2. FATMIR KUCI (SHENDELLI SHPK)             – About 1 billion ALL, 52% of tenders of ELBASAN Municipality
  3. YZEDIN BOZHAJ (SHENDELLI SHPK)             – 845 million ALL (VAT excl.), 94% of tenders of GJIROKASTRA Municipality
  4. ADHURIM DUKA, VEIS DUKA (DUKA)             – 752 million ALL (VAT excl.), 79% of the tenders of VLORA Municipality
  5. LUAN KAPRI, BAJRAM ALLDERVISHI (REI 3) – 530 million ALL (VAT excl.), 80% of the tenders of POGRADEC Municipality
  6. DAVA KAZA, ZEF KAZA (AEK MUNELLA SHPK) – 387 million ALL (VAT excl.), 97% of the tenders of MIRDITA Municipality
  7. LEDI KOÇI, ENOR NAKUÇI, LINA SOKOLI (KREATX)- 234 million ALL (VAT excl.), 84% of the tenders of DURRËS Municipality
  8. SHKËLQIM KUPA, QAMIL KUPA (KUPA SHPK) – 193 million ALL (VAT excl.), 33% of the tenders of KAMËZ Municipality
  9. KLAJDI PALOKA (KLAJDI CONSTRUCTION) – 124 million ALL (VAT excl.), 35% of the tenders of LEZHA Municipality
  10. KLARIDA SEMANJAKU (NATURAL PERSON) – 118 million ALL, 44% of the tenders of FIER Municipality
  11. ASLLAN RUÇI (RUÇI)             – 111 million ALL (VAT excl.), 70% of the tenders of KLOS Municipality
  12. ARBEN GOLEMI (PROJECT&PEOPLE) – 105 million ALL (VAT excl.), 33% of the tenders of BELSH Municipality
  13. NJAZI PRENÇI (REGLI SHPK)                                – 64 million ALL (VAT excl.), 45% of the tenders of BULQIZA Municipality
  14. ARBËR ABAZI (ALKO IMPEX CONSTRUCTION) – 57 million ALL (VAT excl.), 72% of the tenders of DEVOLL Municipality
  15. IRENA DERVISHI, GËZIM DERVISHI (ALFA 2 SHPK)- 33 million ALL (VAT excl.), 41% of the tenders of BERAT Municipality
  17. SHERIF KAPLLANI (VIOLA GREEN)             – 14 million ALL (VAT excl.), 73% of the tenders of PRRENJAS Municipality



Florian Borshi is the owner of Borshi shpk, a company that has prevailed for years in the northern city of Shkodra. Since 2006, he has received big amounts of cash from the mullti-billion tenders for clearning through direct negotiationa, in the amount of more than 1 BILLIOL ALL, VAT excluded, for 7 such tenders.

Borshi, among the 7 in-cash tenders awarded by Shkodra Municipality, obtained a tender worth 236 million ALL (excl. VAT) through direct negotiation, in blunt violation due to lack of competition and bids.

During the period 2015-2018, Florian Borshi with his company were awarded 3.6 billion ALL (excl. VAT) from the State budget, and over 1.3 billion ALL (excl. VAT) in the year 2019-2020 only.

At the time when tender deals were new entries in the political game and media refrained from disclosing information how taxpayers money was given to government clients, it was the Shkodra citizens themselves who exposed Borshi. “Well, well, Florian Borshi is the name of the person who won the cleaning tender for Shkodra. It is the second or third time that he ‘wins’ the tender. Only with the money he is supposed to clean around the garbage bins, he recently bought a JEEP, limited version, brand-new, black, 0 km. Let’s not speak about the other partners like Xh.Sh. (Municipal Council member) and G.K. – Shkodra citizens wrote about their multibillionaire compatriot in a report which stated that although Shkodra launched tenders to clean the city with citizens’ money, it turned out to be the worst-cleaned city”.



The right wing holds power in Shkodra and Borshi continued his ‘rule’ peacefully, until he felt his grip on power slipping away when the Arbër Abazan – the nephew of the Socialist Party MP Sadri Abazaj – with his company ALKO IMPEX  CONSTRUCTION started snatching the tenders off his hands; the tenders that made him well-off.


The right-wing Mayor Voltana Ademi ‘betrayed’ him when she denied a tender to the BOSS’s cleaning company to give it to the SP friends, specifically to Arbër Abazi, a ‘gift’ that spurred much controversy… However, Florian Borshi did not idle around, but he criminally sued Voltana to regain his BILLIONS and succeeded: now, BORSHI SHPK RULES SHKODRA with the illegal tenders.





“VICTORIA INVEST” OF FATMIR KUÇI is one of the companies that benefited the highest chunks of Albanian money – both from the central and local government – to clean Elbasan city. Rumors triggered suspicions that Lulzim Basha is behind this company because not only this company has his daughter’s name, but there are also other facts that are analyzed below.

At the national level, 13 tenders by Direct Negotiation from Elbasan Municipality, 10 of which are REDFLAGS for lack of competition and bids, VICTORIA INVEST benefited over 1 billion ALL (excl. VAT)!

As for deposits from the Treasury, it benefited FRIGHTENING AMOUNTS over 3 years (2015-2018): over 15 BILLION ALL (excl. VAT). And over 4.4 BILLION ALL (excl. VAT) in 2019-2020!



Ties to Basha, who is Fatmir Kuçi?

It turns out that the Mercedes-Benz plated AA111EN used by Basha was purchased by Victoria Invest and precisely on this car, the DP Leader stopped to meet the Astir protesters [Astir: quarter being demolished to make room for a new road]. Basha enjoyed the strong support of Kuçi in the 2009 elections because the latter supported him financially to equalize the number of 6 MPs in Elbasan, during the time that the current DP Leader was the DP election coordinator. But, now it seems that Kuçi has turned his attention to the SP and looks to be beyond any saturation point in tenders by ripping off both right and left-wingers.

Despite a prominent name to the Albanian justice, nothing stopped Kuçi to obtain tenders in blunt violation… In 2014, the businessman Fatmir Koçi was criminally prosecuted on bail for “violation of navigation rules”, but managed to wrap it up with a fine. He caused the death of a Russian tourist, Denis Kaiumov at Livadh in 2016 when he runs over him with a speedboat and cut off his limbs with the propeller. He was handcuffed for this incident, but managed to get out not too late because he claimed to have heart problems.

Billions flowing…

This company has a long and much controversial history of gaining money. The third segment 0.74 km of the Big Ring was won precisely by “Victoria Invest International & Viktoria Invest” at a value of 1.17 BILLION ALL (excl. VAT). Another 15 MILLION EUR without competition was awarded by the government to Lulzim Basha’s Victoria in a consortium with an Italian company – for the rehabilitation of Porto Romano.

The name Fatmir Kuçi comes out in another suspicious connection to the company “Victoria Marine LTD” Disclosure of “Panama Papers” documents showed that this company is registered in Malta, fiscal heaven.

Manipulations with tenders / The ugly scheme to benefit public money

There is no start or end to the information about VICTORIA INVEST, not only for the political ties but also for the scandalous ties in public procurements. The company of the godfather of Basha’s daughter was imposed a “seizure order” several times, because of disputes with other companies. Let us mention here the request for an administrative investigation by Kamza Municipality, which claimed that this company had manipulated the documentation submitted to participate in a tender – so that it would be eligible. “Victoria Invest” was disqualified for one year from participation in concessions and PPP schemes (3 August 2018 – 3 August 2019).


This company owns 2 CONCESSIONS, Victoria Hydroenergy with administrator Endri Kuçi for the construction of the HPP Lunik 1 and Lunik 2 in Elbasan, as well as FINSEC PORT for the construction of the yacht port at Turra Castle, Synej commune, Kavaja (this concession also has a 35-year validity and provides for the construction of a yacht port with at least 800 anchoring posts, 150 apartments and one hotel). Victoria Invest is owned by the company VICTORIA INVEST INTERNATIONAL of Valbona Kuçi, mother of Endrit Kuçi, family members of Fatmir Kuçi. The address of this branch/affiliate is the same as that of “Victoria Invest”, i.e. same building, floor, street and quarter in Elbasan.





“SHËNDELLI SHPK” of Yzedin Bozhaj is the company that wreaked havoc in tenders by giving around cash in Gjirokastra, for 2 tenders with Direct Negotiation on engineering works to prevent hill-landslide in the area. Both tenders amounted to the CRAZY TOTAL OF 845 MILLION ALL (excl. VAT), one of which in blunt absence of competition, bids, by direct negotiation.


Besides the fact that Yzedini’s company gets millions for landslide prevention – and in most cases, these tenders are awarded through inexistent procurement – it does not lag behind even in the BILLIONS obtained over the years from the Treasury. Hold your breath! In just 3 years (2015-2018), Shëndelli received over 8 BILLION ALL (excl. VAT) and over 3.6 BILLION ALL (excl. VAT) in only one year (period 2019-2020).


SHËNDELLI does not stop surprising, because contracts awarded to it by the Renaissance (SP) are endless, either alone or in collaboration with other public-money devouring oligarchs with political ties… At the national level, Bozhaj and his company received 8 BILLION ALL (excl. VAT) in 73 tenders. The most frightening tender in collaboration with GPG company of the oligarch Paqsor Buzi amounts to the VERTIGINOUS 6.5 BILLION ALL (excl. VAT).





“DUKA” with a crown of Vlora! The company of Adhurim and Veis Duka is ranked 4th at the local level among the companies that were awarded illegal tenders by Direct Negotiation. You better sit, or you might get a surge in blood pressure because we are going to analyze in detail the fat figures received by Adhurimi’s “DUKA”… There are ONLY 2 tenders that DUKA won for the cleaning of Vlora, both in cash! Not crumbs, but the PULPY FIGURE OF 752 MILLION ALL (excl. VAT). What is striking is the fact that both tenders are red flags for lack of competition and bids, or simply put, DUKA managed to get the pulpy figures by a finger snap.

From budget institutions, DUKA benefited a TREASURE full of pearly transactions, literally! 7.7 BILLION ALL (excl. VAT) in 3 years (2015-2018), and 3.7 BILLION ALL (excl. VAT) in only one year (2019-2020).


Vlora’s Adhurim who inherited the company of his father Veisi did not limit his range to the Municipality only; he got a lot of tenders in the Health sector too because it is the cherry on the cake for oligarchs, a gold mine. So, he got OVER 48 MILLION ALL (excl. VAT) from Vlora Psychiatric Hospital, all the tenders with the scope “Elimination of Urban Waste”.



The company founder Veis Duka is known as a person of influence and with strong connections to businessmen in Vlora, mainly from the villages of Mallkeq, Vllahinë, Sevaster, Shushicë, and Nivicë – and even assisted the latter financially to form an association.





Luan Kapri – the uncle’s son of the former Elbasan Mayor Eduard Kapri from the right-wing – owns the company REJ 3  with which he won an illegal tender (Cash in hand! No race, negotiation between the procuring institution and the contractor) from the SP rival of his relative – the current SP Pogradec Mayor Ilir Xhakolli.


Nothing wrong so far, because you might infer the connection DP-SP (okay, let’s skip this too) and say ‘come on, what’s the fuss for a single tender when we are being ripped of billions’, but precisely this tender for the city waste cleaning and disposal has the vertiginous figure of HALF A BILLION ALL (excl. VAT).


REJ 3 with administrator Bajram Alldervishi is one of the Government’s preferred clients. We say this because the figures he received from the Treasury over the years seem to have endless zeros. For 3 years during 2015-2018, Luan Kapri benefited 4.6 BILLION ALL (excl. VAT), and over 3 BILLION ALL (excl. VAT) in only one year (2019-2020).


Luan Kapri and connections to Gëzim of ‘Kashta’ for the CONCESSION

REJ 3 owns a PPP concession, specifically REJ ENERGY with administrator Gëzim Salillari who undertook the construction of 3 HPPs, Cemerica 1, 2, 3.


“REJ 3” company was established in 1994 by Luan Kapri. In 2011, Kapri sells 20% shares to the company “KLIVA” owned by Gëzim Salillari from Durrës, also known as “Gëzim of Kashta”. Salillari got this nickname because once he had a café with the same name at the former Blloku area, that was often frequented by the then-Prime Minister Fatos Nano.


Salillari is a prominent name in media coverage in mid-2000, accused of participation in criminal organizations dealing in drug trade from Albania to Italy; initially sentenced to 11 years in prison, he managed to set himself free. At first, Salillari registered “KLIVA” and a few days later purchased 20% of REJ owned by Kapri.






Dava Kaza is one of the women entrepreneurs ranked third tender-wining women at the local level. The company owned by her and the husband, “AEK MUNELLA” (Adrian, Enida, Kristian) stemming from the initials of their three children is ranked seventh – one of the companies that benefited the highest tenders by Direct Negotiation. This company obtained almost HALF A MILLION (excl. VAT) from Mirdita Municipality, for 3 tenders, all with violations for lack of race and competition – by direct negotiation.


In the period 2016-2018, Kaza couple received around 6 BILLION ALL (excl. VAT) from Budget Institutions, whereas in a single year (2019-2020) they received around 3 BILLION (excl. VAT) in 58 transactions from the Treasury.


All local tenders – mainly in rehabilitation of the water supply and sewerage system – were awarded to this company by Mirdita Municipality, 21 in total with cumulative amount OVER 3.5 BILLION ALL (excl. VAT)!


The Kazas are among the families strongly tied to the Renaissance (SP), because they often post photos on social media with the SP exponents, such as Kaza junior, Kristian in the company of Erjon Veliaj (Tirana Mayor) and Lindita Nikolla (former Minister of Education).


This company has been accused by citizens of poor quality works, such as failing to properly maintain the National Road in 2016 due to numerous accidents, while maintenance works were contracted to MUNELLA. Rumors say this company is supported by the Mirdita Mayor, Ndrec Deda, who awarded to MUNELLA any maintenance and cleaning tenders, and not only… This means feeding up yours with BILLIONS! 




Maybe you would not believe it, but the company ranked first in Durrës for winning tenders by Direct Negotiation (in cash) for software upgrading and maintenance is KREATX of Enor Nakuçi. KREATX received 3 tenders in OVER 234 MILLION ALL (excl. VAT), all three in violation, classified as RED FLAGS for lack of bids and competition.




This company won tenders also from other municipalities such as Vora, Shkodra, Përmet, and Vlora in similar services – 9 in total for OVER 307 MILLION ALL (excl. VAT), 6 of which with RED FLAGS!

The biggest surprise is the fact that this company got OVER 260 MILLION ALL (excl. VAT) from the Treasury during the 3-year period (2015-2019). But, in 1 year (2109-2020)… this amount was DOUBLED! For 21 transactions with budget institutions, it benefited OVER 531 MILLION ALL (excl. VAT)!!!





These cleaning companies really know how to run the game! They sweep tender money, the same as they sweep waste from streets. KUPA SHPK is a typical example. It rules in Kamëz for public procurement procedures involving “Cleaning the city”. The company established by Qamil Kupa and handed over to his son Shkëlqim has really won the spotlight for multi-million tenders it gets at the stroke of a pen.

For only 3 cleaning tenders from Kamëz Municipality, this company got around 200 MILLION ALL (excl. VAT), with one of them being RED FLAGGED!


Shkëlqim Kupa, the owner of KUPA SHPK, also owns Elite Real Estate and KORABI shpk (the company called after his young son) with a profit of 98 MILLION ALL (excl. VAT) at the local level. Obviously, KUPA is the preferred company in Kamëz for tenders, because in just 8 months (May-December 2017), this Municipality launched 12 tenders – all won by this company.

KUPA owns three other powerful companies IONIAN REFINING COMPANY, HYDRO SETA, ACCESS ENERGY ALBANIA. Besides, it also has 2 CONCESSIONS, specifically the HPPs in Gjuraj, Kashec, Ragam, and Lëpushë, and the HPP on Seta River.

The concessionaire company HYDO SETA is co-owned by KALIA SHPK (well-known in Dibra), a company owned by the relatives of Fatime Kupa, the spouse of Shkëlqim Kupa.


Article in the Albanian Language: Here 

The reconstruction programme after the earthquake of November 26th, tenders and contracts

The Albanian Government continued its tender procedures during March – June for the reconstruction and development of buildings and areas damaged by the November 26th 2019 earthquake. So far, there are two authorities involved: the Albanian Development Fund and the Municipality of Tirana. Open Procurement Albania is preparing passports for every tender and contract procedure related to this programme. So far, several contracts are announced by the Albanian Government. The procedure selected for tenders is the restricted (not the open) procedure, and the deadline for expression of interest in each case is no longer than 10 calendar days. The Procedure and Deadline are predetermined by Normative Act No. 9, dated 16.12.2019 on Dealing with the Consequences of the Natural Disaster, a normative act equivalent to a law. This is done by avoiding and bypassing the regular application of the common rules and legislation on Public Procurement. The same procedure and the same deadline were applied even in the case of contracts exceeding the High Monetary Limit, which requiring international competition and call. The deadline for expression of interest by law in the case of the limited procedure is at least 20 working days for each phase, while the limited procedure is used only in specific cases. The application of rules and procedures pre-determined by a Normative Act through very short deadlines and the Limited Procedure corresponds with situations exposed to higher risks related to competition and bid efficiency. Below are the tenders announced so far (June 2019)


List of Tenders Reconstruction Program from the Albanian Development Fund includes 18

These 18 tenders of the Albanian Development Fund have a total value limit of 14 281 395 708 (fourteen billion and two hundred and eighty-one million, and three hundred and ninety-five thousand and seven hundred and eight) Lekë. This is equal approximately to 116.1 million euros. Tenders are listed as follows:

  1. Reconstruction of individual residences and reconstruction of public infrastructure and any other interventions serving the reconstruction of these homes. For a fund of 6 186 125 775 (six billion and one hundred and eighty-six million and one hundred and twenty-five thousand and seven hundred and seventy-five) Lekë. The budget projected for this year (2020) is 5,49 billion lekë. The budget has been made available by the Albanian Government’s (not donors) budget. The scope of the Framework agreement includes the reconstruction of individual homes, construction and reconstruction of public infrastructure, and any other intervention serving these homes on the territory of the municipalities of Durres, Kamza, Kavaja, Rrogozhina, Kruja, Kurbin, Lezha, Mirdita, Shijak, and Vora. This tender was originally announced on March 10th, 2020, with a deadline for submission of expression of interest of only 9 days. The tender failed and was re-announced on April 28th, 2020. The Albanian Development Fund has not yet announced who was qualified, has not identified the winning bid, and has not announced the signing of any contract as part of the Framework Agreement for this tender Link
  2. The next tender is the Construction and Reconstruction of public infrastructure in the new areas announced for Mandatory Development. For a projected value of up to 3 726 934 577 (three billion and seven hundred and twenty-six million and nine hundred and thirty-four thousand and five hundred and seventy-seven) Lekë, or approximately 30.3 million euros. The budget allocated for this tender for 2020 is 745 389 915 million lekë. The scope of the framework agreement consists of the infrastructure of these zones, and utility, and urban infrastructure. The public infrastructure means the construction sites in areas assigned for free development and available for construction, the transport infrastructure, water supply and sewage infrastructure, energy supply infrastructure, community infrastructure of squares, parks, sports playgrounds, and public lighting on the territory of the municipalities of Durres, Kamza, Kavaja, Rrogozhina, Kruja, Kurbin, Lezha, Mirdita, Shijak, and Vora. This tender was announced on April 28th, and there is no yet any information about its progress Link
  3. Equally, another lot procedure is also announced on March 17th for a total fund limit of 4,175,217,853 (four billion and node hundred and seventy-five million and two hundred and seventeen thousand and eight hundred and fifty-three) lekë without VAT. The budget available for 2020 is 1,043,804,463 lekë without VAT. Lots are as follows:
  4. Lot 1. The reconstruction of educational facilities in the areas affected by the earthquake with a funding source includes the Reconstruction Fund, Budget approved by decision no. 212, dated 11. 03. 2020 on the Use of the Reconstruction Fund to fund reconstruction of educational facilities. The value without VAT is 511 405 370 lekë.ë/id/297
  5. Lot 2. Reconstruction of schools, Municipality of Kruja, for a value of 490 413 615 lekë without VAT. Lot 2 includes the 9-year elementary school “Selman Daci”, the 9-year elementary school and kindergarten “Ramazan Jangozi”, the 9-year elementary school and kindergarten “Kastriot Derveni”, the 9-year elementary school Gjon Luka, Luz. The total construction surface of all these buildings is approximately 10 691 m2. The call was announced on 17 March. The submission deadline is 27 March. LINKë/id/298
  6. Lot 3. Reconstruction of educational facilities, Municipality of Durres for a value of 845 723 696 lekë without VAT. The educational facilities included in Lot 3 are: the 9-year elementary school and the kindergarten “Bedrie Beziqi”, kindergarten “Met Hasa”, the 9-year elementary school “Neim Babameto”, the 9-year elementary school and kindergarten “Hasan Koci”, all with a total construction surface of approximately 18 438 m2. Linkë/id/299
  7. Lot 4. The reconstruction of educational facilities, Durres Municipality 2, for a value of 850 692 969 lekë. The educational facilities included in lot 4 are Shaqe Mazreku School, the joint High School Rexhep Mesini, the 9-year elementary school and kindergarten Adem Gjeli, the 9-year elementary school Xhelal Shtufi Shkafanaj, the Njazi Mastori 2+3, school and kindergarten, the 9-year elementary school Vellezrit Haradinaj, all with a total construction surface of approximately 18 545 m2. LINKë/id/300
  8. Lot 5. The reconstruction of educational facilities in Kavaja and Rrogozhina Municipality for a value 414 766 205 lekë without VAT. The educational facilities included in lot 5 are the vocational school Charles Teleford Erickson, the 9-year elementary Shtodher, the vocational school 26 Marsi, Golem dormitory, the 9-year elementary school of Gosa, the elementary school and the kindergarten of Vila Bashtove, all with a construction surface of approximately 9041 m2.ë/id/301
  9. Lot 6. The reconstruction of educational facilities in Kamza municipality for a value of 621 757 340 lekë without VAT. The educational facilities included in lot 6 are the 9-year elementary school Halil Coka, the secondary school Sulejman Elezi, the kindergarten Lidhja e Prizrenit Paskuqan, the kindergarten Halit Coka, all with a construction surface of approximately 13 555 m2. Linkë/id/302
  10. Lot 7. The reconstruction of educational facilities in the municipality of Shijak for a value of 440 458 658 lekë without VAT. The educational facilities included in lot 7 are: the 9-year elementary school Ramazan Subashi, the 9-year elementary school Ahmetaq, the kindergarten in Kodër Berxullë, the kindergarten in Marqinet, the 9 year elementary school Lidhja e Prizrenit, the general secondary school 16 Shtatori, kindergarten no. 1, Vlashaj kindergarten, the secondary school Kajo Karafili, all with a construction surface of approximately 9 602 m2.
  11. The other tenders consist of monitoring the execution of the key contracts and lots. Link


Another institution involved in the Reconstruction Programme tenders is the main Municipality in the country, i.e. the Municipality of Tirana. This municipality is the only one, which, using funds from the central budget, will manage the reconstruction tenders on its own territory on its own.

So far, this municipality has announced several tenders Link:

But so far, the highest-value tender remains the one for the reconstruction of individual homes, within and outside the new areas designated for development, construction and reconstruction of public infrastructure, as well as any other interventions serving the reconstruction of individual homes outside the new development areas.

This tender has a fund limit of 2 123 598 655 leks (two billion and one hundred and twenty-three million and five hundred and ninety-eight thousand and six hundred and fifty-five) lekë or about 17.26 million euros. The tender was announced in March with a smaller fund limit, but it failed, as none of the bids submitted did not comply with the criteria defined in the tender documents. The tender was re-announced in May with a higher value, and after several changes to the budget allocated to Tirana Municipality by a decision of the Council of Ministers. Even in this tender, the applied procedure is the limited procedure. Several areas are so far designated on Tirana’s territory for development after the earthquake, including 5 Maji, Autotraktoret, Kombinat, Agricultural University, Baldushk, Vaqarr, and Zall Herr. All the decisions of the Council of Ministers designating these areas are listed in our tender passports, and the decisions contain the coordinates and satellite photos of the respective area.ë/id/32944

Tirana municipality has also announced tenders for designing several schools to be reconstructed following the earthquakeëord/Programi%20i%20Rindertimit?

The Albanian government’s reconstruction programme, designed in January – February 2020, following the earthquake and emergency situation for natural disasters. The Albanian government, through its Albanian Reconstruction Committee, has estimated that the total need for reconstruction is 1,076.15 billion euros (132.4 billion Lek), including all the sectors for interventions in 11 municipalities in the country.

This amount will be used for reconstruction through a programme that the Albanian government has baptized as the Reconstruction Programme. Monitoring and public information on this process is an important moment that relates to the efficiency, management, and trust of the citizens in the process.

Purchases for Covid-19 Situation, the Albanian Government applies Secrete Contracts, bypassing Participation and Transparency

AIS, an organization promoting Open Data Albania, observes with concern that the Albanian Government has decided, in an anti-constitutional manner, illegally, and without any legitimate need, to consider Secret Contracting and Procedures for purchasing during the emergency created by Covid-19.


  • Through two Decisions of Council of Ministers (DCM), namely: DCM No. 203, dated 26.02.2020 “On procedures to be used for signing Contracts dictated by the State Essential Interest” and amendments made by DCM No. 242, dated 22.03.2020 “On some amendments to Decision No. 203”, the Council of Ministers considers procedures and contracting related to Covid-19 as equal to Secret Contracting LINK.
  • This DCM is in contradiction with the Constitution. Article 118, paragraph 2 of the Constitution of the Republic of Albania provides that “The Law shall authorize the issuance of secondary legislation, assign a competent body, issues to be regulated, as well as the principles on the basis of which such legislation is issued”. Article 6 of the Public Procurement Law (which the Council of Ministers refers to in issuing this DCM) does not authorize the issuance of any Special Normative Acts for secret contracts, contracts requiring special safeguards, or contracts dictated by the state essential interest. DCM No. 203 does not contain any definition of the situation, circumstances, or cases when “state esential interest” are applicable, but leaves it under the case-by-case discretion of the contracting authorities; In other words, the term “state essential interest” is not legally regulated, and it remains an abstract concept, which is not defined, and which is left up to the subjective decision of the authorities, increasing thus the risk of arbitrariness.
  • The above-mentioned Decisions of the Council of Ministers lead to situations, where clients are selected without any published calls for expression of interest, which makes it impossible to identify and look for efficient operators. In this time of crisis, the possibilities for supplies are limited and characterized by dynamic changes. Many are applying innovative forms, in order to enable as fast tracing and identification of the leading suppliers as possible, ensuring supplies in the current situation. Governments cannot trace these suppliers by communicating with one client only, leaving no room for presentation and participation. This approach violates every Principle of Participation and Competition.
  • The Government has made an unjustified intervention, as long as the Albanian Legislation (Law No. 9643/2016) regulates already the Negotiation Procedure and Limited Procedure quite well, which could already provide for fast, efficient, and useful purchases, without any need for secret operations. These two procedures, already provided for by the national Legislation, do guarantee the possibility for supplies in situations of emergencies and disasters, guaranteeing Proportionality.
  • On the other hand, all the elements of a contract, such as the scope of purchase; process; characteristics and specifications of goods or services to be purchased, would not be subject to any Publication; Transparency; and Accountability for purposes of Ensuring Trust and Public Oversight, given that they are going to be secret.
  • Violation of the Principle of Open and Transparent Governance. The Albanian Government is avoiding the principle of Open Government, and this happens at a time when the Reformed Legislation in the Area of Contracting in several European countries, and not only, requires all contracts made in cases of emergency to be fully published as open data. This is to recall that since 2009, Albania is part of the Open Government Partnership, taking a special commitment in the context of Procurement Sector, not yet fulfilled.
  • Classification of these contracts (procedures) as secret because of the essential interest of the state falls against even the Normative Act of the Government on Announcement of Situation of Natural Disaster itself, an act which contains no provisions restricting the Constitutional Right to Information (Article 23 of the Constitution).


Our organization considers these acts of the Government as anti-constitutional, illegal, unjustified, and in contradiction with the basic principle of good governance, i.e. Accountability and Transparency. Direct Negotiation (Article 33 of the Procurement Law) and the Request according to the Limited Procedure (Article 31 of the Procurement Law) are sufficient to guarantee fast, efficient, and intelligent Contracting and Procurement, and proportional to the Essential Interests of the People of a State.


AIS joins the Open Contracting Partnership Recommendations for Governance, recommendations for Purchases in the situations created by Covid-19, for Fast, Smart and Transparent Purchases (Open)

What the Health Sector is procuring includes small purchases for the safety of the regional doctors;

What are our Health institutions purchasing through negotiations for emergencies or through common purchasing procedures? We have a track record of all the public health sector investments and purchases. In the past two weeks, a few purchases have been recorded for the reinforcement of hygienic protection for health buildings. Link health tenders
Other transparent procurements for the following institutions are being updated with accessible and well-structured documents on our databases:
Tenders for Local Government Units: Open Procurement Municipality and subordinate institutions. Link
Tenders of the Central Purchasing Agency, purchases for executive institutions Link
Transparent procurements by the Albanian Road Authority, tenders for infrastructure Link
Tenders by state-owned companies (SOCs) buying, the major suppliers of massive services, such as drinking water, electricity, etc. Link

7 January 2020, Top Story Media Programme: 1 in 3 tenders with no fair competition. Open data promote investigative journalism and enable reporting of corruption over Albanian taxpayers’ money

On January 7th, Top Story, an investigative show, reported on forms of fraud with public procurement tenders in the country. Journalist Entela Barjamaj and the national Top Channel TV team introduced shocking facts on Top Story, such as one in every three tenders being conducted without fair competition.  300 million Euros of taxpayers’ money seem to be lost every year due to abuse with, and misappropriation of, clientelist tenders.

AIS, the organization promoting open data in Albania contributed to this courageous television investigation through data released from three important open data databases. Namely:

In addition to open data released from our databases, including clear and denouncing arguments, contribution to this programme was also made by Director Aranita Brahaj, who elaborated on the shortcomings of tender procedures.

Corruption is one of the most problematic issues for the country. Justice institutions or anticorruption mechanisms in the country are weak to non-existent. Nevertheless, media and watchdog organisations continue to report facts and contribute against abuse with public money. For four years, AIS has been publishing data and assessing risk of tender irregularities, known as Procurement RedFlag, providing information and identifying issues with every tender conducted by municipalities, the Albanian Development Fund, the Albanian Road Authority, the health sector, and public-owned companies.

Top Story program and Promo are available on YouTube channel


Ne, një grupim prej 15 organizatash të gazetarëve dhe shoqërisë civile, në mënyrë të përsëritur, duke filluar nga Dhjetori i vitit 2018, përmes deklaratave tona publike i kemi kërkuar qeverisë të tërheqë dy projektligjet e prezantuara publikisht si Paketa Antishpifje, duke renditur të gjitha kundërtitë tona.

Gjithashtu, pas dorëzimit të këtyre dy projektligjeve në Kuvendin e Shqipërisë, i bëjmë thirrje Kuvendit që, në rast se qeveria nuk i tërheq këto projektligje, t’i rrëzojë ato menjëherë. Këto dy projektligje cënojnë lirinë e shprehjes dhe të medias në vend, si dhe bien ndesh me parimet ndërkombëtare të parashikuara në nenin 19 të Deklaratës Universale të të Drejtave të Njeriut, nenin 19 të Paktit Ndërkombëtar për të Drejtat Civile dhe Politike, nenin 19 të Konvetës Amerikane për të Drejtat e Njeriut, nenin 10 të Konventës Evropiane të të Drejtave të Njeriut, etj.

Organizatat vërejnë se dy projektligjet pjesë e paketës antishpifje i akordojnë AMAs dhe AKEP-it, kompetenca gati gjyqësore, me natyrë sanksionuese ndaj operatorëve mediatikë, ndërkohë që këto organe, edhe pse të pavarura sipas ligjit nuk ofrojnë garanci funksionale për të qenë efektivisht të pavarura, sikurse janë organet e pushtetit gjyqësor.

Shqipëria ka mjaftueshëm ligje që rregullojnë çështjet kur media shkel të drejtat e të tjerëve dhe çdo ndërhyrje tjetër, si dhe në këtë drejtim ka patur disa precedentë të gjykuar në sistemin tonë gjyqësor.

Nevoja për të patur vetërregullim të medias dhe JO rregullim ligjor të saj, merr rëndësi të veçantë në ato shtete me demokraci në tranzicion, sikurse është vendi ynë, ku shpesh mediat janë të lidhura me interesat e njohura të biznesit, të partive politike. Vetërregullimi është kombinim i standarteve që përcakton kodet e duhura të sjelljes për median, të cilat janë të nevojshme për të mbështetur lirinë e shprehjes dhe për të mundësuar që kjo sjellje të monitorohet dhe të mbahet e përgjegjshme. Vetërregullimi ruan pavarësinë e mediave dhe e mbron atë nga ndërhyrjet partizane të qeverisë.

Organizatat i bëjnë thirrje Qeverisë Shqiptare dhe Kuvendit të Shqipërisë të marrin parasysh të gjitha kundërshtitë e përsëritura nga ana e institucioneve ndërkombëtare (të tilla si OSBE, BE, Këshilli i Europës dhe Kombet e Bashkuara), prezenca e të cilave kontribuon në vendin tonë për sundimin e shtetit të së drejtës dhe të drejtave të njeriut, të shprehen qartë dhe publikisht mbi projektligjet në fjalë, si masa në dhunim të lirisë së shprehjes.

Gjithashtu, kjo thirrje e organizatave lokale është mbështetur gjatë dy ditëve të fundit dhe nga tetë organizatat ndërkombëtare më të rëndësishme në adresimin e çështjeve që lidhen me lirinë e medias dhe të shprehjes, si dhe nga Federata Ndërkombëtare e Gazetarëve IFJ (me 600 mijë anëtarë nga 140 vende të botës) dhe Federata Europiane e Gazetarëve EFJ ( me 320 mijë anëtarë nga 45 vende)

deklaratën e përbashkët të së cilëve e gjeni bashkëlidhur.

Lista e organizatave firmëtare:

  • BIRN Albania
  • Civil Rights Defenders
  • Citizens Channel
  • Faktoje
  • Instituti Shqiptar i Medias
  • Instituti Shqiptar i Shkencave promotor i Open Data Albania
  • Këshilli Shqiptar i Medias
  • Komiteti Shqiptar i Helsinkit
  • Lidhja e Gazetarëve të Shqipërisë
  • New Media Network
  • Qendra Res Publica
  • Qendra Shqiptare MediaLook
  • Qendra Shqiptare për Gazetari Cilësore
  • Shoqata e Gazetarëve Profesionistë të Shqipërisë
  • Unioni i Gazetarëve Shqiptarë